The details of the alleged hacks of email accounts are murky, even after the US Government provided their argument. Here’s a list of every document published by the US Government regarding the case of alleged Russian hacking.
- Joint Department of Homeland Security and Office of the Director of National Intelligence Election Security Statement – DHS & ODNI – 07 October 2016. In October 2016, the DHS and ODNI released a joint statement in which both offices expressed their confidence that Russia was behind the leak of sensitive emails pertaining to the Democratic National Committee. Citing that the recent hacks and email leaks were “consistent with the methods and motivations of Russian-directed efforts,” the joint statement formally accused Russia of interfering with the US election. Previously, multiple news outlets reported that, according to DNC officials, Russian intelligence services were found to have gained access to the DNC email server. This is simple espionage. Nations spy on each other to gain diplomatic and operational advantages, and is to be expected. Russia, however, denied their involvement.
- Letter from the President — Taking Additional Steps to Address the National Emergency with Respect to Significant Malicious Cyber-Enabled Activities – Office of the Press Secretary – White House – 28 December 2016. In a letter to the Speaker of the House, President Obama explains that he’s publishing an executive order in reprisal against malicious cyber activity. A copy of Executive Order 13964 is attached.
- Statement by the President on Actions in Response to Russian Malicious Cyber Activity and Harassment – Office of the Press Secretary – White House – 29 December 2016. After repeated warnings to Russia from US officials, the President explains that he’s taking additional steps against Russia’s malicious cyber activities targeting the US. The Executive Order (13964) sanctions the GRU and FSB, along with four individual GRU officers and three companies that provided support to the GRU cyber activity. The Executive Order also closes two Russian facilities in Maryland and New York used by Russian intelligence services, and expels 35 Russian intelligence operatives from the US. The statement also says that the DHS and FBI are releasing declassified technical information regarding Russia’s cyber activity targeting the US.
- FACT SHEET: Actions in Response to Russian Malicious Cyber Activity and Harassment – Office of the Press Secretary – White House – 29 December 2016. This Fact Sheet details the specific individuals and companies accused to carrying out cyber exploitation against the US Government and US citizens, which includes the compromise of at least three major US e-commerce companies and the theft of $100 million from “U.S. financial institutions, Fortune 500 firms, universities, and government agencies.”
- Executive Order — Taking Additional Steps to Address the National Emergency with Respect to Significant Malicious Cyber-Enabled Activities – Office of the Press Secretary – White House – 29 December 2016.
- Annex to Executive Order — Taking Additional Steps to Address the National Emergency with Respect to Significant Malicious Cyber-Enabled Activities – Office of the Press Secretary – White House – 29 December 2016
- GRIZZLY STEPPE – Russian Malicious Cyber Activity – DHS and FBI – 29 December 2016. Beginning with a disclaimer that DHS “does not provide any warranties” regarding the information, this Joint Analysis Report (JAR) provides specific details on how Russian hackers have targeted US individuals and infrastructure. Whether the so-called “election hacks” were perpetrated by Russian intelligence services or by leaked by insiders with an agenda, one thing is certain: Russia is conducting espionage against the US. This JAR provides specific events and methods regarding Russian cyber exploitation of US systems.
- Joint DHS, ODNI, FBI Statement on Russian Malicious Cyber Activity – Office of the Press Secretary – 29 December 2016. This statement is a synopsis of the JAR.
- Department of State Actions in Response to Russian Harassment – Department of State – 29 December 2016. The State Department declared persona non grata 35 Russian officials who were likely intelligence operatives in the US under diplomatic cover. They also denied access to two compounds being used for intelligence gathering by Russian intelligence services.
- Treasury Sanctions Two Individuals for Malicious Cyber-Enabled Activities – Treasury Department – 29 December 2016. The US Treasury Department imposed sanctions on two Russians accused of engaging in cyber exploitation to (1) steal $100 million from US organizations and citizens and (2) steal user information, to include usernames and passwords, for personal financial gain.
- Assessing Russian Activities and Intentions in Recent US Elections: The Analytic Process and Cyber Incident Attribution – Office of the Director of National Intelligence – 06 January 2017. This file explains the analytic process behind the accusations against the Russian intelligence services. This document is missing the highly classified information, however, the overall assessment and the reasoning behind it laid out in this document.
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